Installing emergency lighting kit in a commercial and residential building is mandatory and when installing emergency lights, it is essential to abide by the rules. There are articles for emergency light installation and wiring. The emergency lighting kit consists of a circuit and electrical equipment that supplies illumination in case of power failure to make the evacuation as easy as possible.
Before installing the emergency lights, you must know how many lights are required and how they must be placed according to the occupancy of the building as addressed by the Life Safety Code. Medium to large buildings must have lights on all points of egress as the occupants are not familiar with the building’s layout. Areas like corridors, escalators, and stairways must be lit in the event of any emergency.
The requirements for managing and maintaining emergency light may seem difficult but it is the law to keep the occupants of the commercial building safe during an emergency.
Maintaining Emergency Lights
Selecting the best emergency lighting and installing them properly is the end, testing and maintenance are equally important. The pathways must be kept clear, anything that hides or impede the operation of exit signs must be removed. Equipment may be damaged, batteries lose the capacity to hold a charge over time, bulbs grow dimmer or stop working, one must be careful with this kind of thing happening.
NFPA has some guidelines to keep your emergency lighting kit functioning properly. The NFPA Safety code require emergency lights maintained according to the following:
- Visual Inspection Of The Equipment Must Be Done Once In 30 Days.
Check for loose or exposed wiring, if you find any it must be secured. Look if the unit is securely mounted on the ceiling if not there are be chances of further damage. Cracks or blemishes in the housing may also cause a problem. Consider buying protective guards for your emergency lights to save them from any physical damage.
- 30-Second Illumination Test Must Be Performed Once In 30 Days.
For a 30-second illumination test, you have to press the “push-to-test” button which is usually red, it will interrupt the AC power and start the back-up battery. The emergency lights must stay illuminated. Hold the button for 30 seconds, and note that the emergency lights are lit for a full 30 seconds without interruption.
- 90-Minute Illumination Test Must Be Performed Once In A Year.
In a 90-minute illumination test, you have followed the same process as above, except that the test will run for 90 minutes. You can use a clamp to depress the “push-to-test” button as holding it 90 minutes is not possible.
- The Results of Visual Inspection and Other Tests Must Be Kept For Inspection by the Authority
After testing the emergency lights, you have to evaluate if the equipment needs repairing or replacing. The unit that requires repair must be fixed immediately if it cannot be repaired, the replacement must be done as soon as possible. There shouldn’t be any compromise with the safety of people visiting your property.